Demigods were endowed with great strength and abilities, and they were often considered to be giants. If there is a Greek god, there will be a Roman counterpart. Many early Roman authors wrote on the myths of Rome. Greek mythology predates Roman mythology over 1,000 years. Many skeptics have struggled to try to connect these as one continuous tradition, and in so doing, have distorted or misinterpreted the basic elements of the tradition and mythology. An essential part of the classical Christian education that held sway in schools from the Middle Ages until fairly recent times was a familiarity with Greek and Roman mythology, a mastery of the history of these great civilizations, and an immersion in their literature. While Roman gods and Greek gods share the same powers and responsibilities, they have many differences. The first major difference between Roman gods and Greek gods is the time period. Greek Gods Predated Roman Gods. This is a statue of Asclepius, Greek god of medicine, with his snake-entwined rod. Ovid, before his exile by Emperor Augustus, wrote at a critical time in Roman history, politically and culturally.The emperor was hoping to reestablish a connection to the Republic’s old religion and a reverence for the gods. Dionysus, known in Roman mythology as Bacchus, shared his new creation with mankind and became the god of wine. The resultant progeny of these unions were demigods like Hercules and Perseus. The Olympian gods frequently had affairs with women. The Roman Pantheon. While the study of Roman mythology tends to emphasize the major gods - Jupiter, Neptune (god of the sea), Pluto (god of the underworld) and Juno - there existed, of course, a number of “minor” gods and goddesses such as Nemesis, the god of revenge; Cupid, the god of love; Pax, the god of peace; and the Furies, goddesses of vengeance. Having said that, we think that the study of mythology (Greek, Roman, Egyptian, and Norse) is still appropriate and profitable for our children when set in the proper Christian context for three reasons: ♦It inoculates them against false religion. Christianity in the Roman Empire Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. Khan Academy is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. Ovid penned several works centering on both Roman myth and religion -- Metamorphoses and Fasti are … This was an insult to the gods and potentially endangered the empire which they deigned to … ♦It gives them a deeper understanding of Greek and Roman culture (and Egyptian and European). Pagans were probably most suspicious of the Christian refusal to sacrifice to the Roman gods. We allude to the daughters of Asclepius, Hygieia and Panacea, whenever we encourage good hygiene or wish for a panacea to cure all ills. 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